Ugadi Asthanam

Ugadi Asthanam in Tirumala

Is the first of all kinds of festivals and celebrations offered to Sri Tirumala Sri Venkateswara Swami at Tirumala in a full length of a year. This takes place on the first day of the Chaitra masa according to Lunar Calendar.

The Daily ritual of Srivari Koluvu which is performed every day between Tomalaseva and Archana is performed with the special name Srivari Asthanam on the first day of the Lunar Calendar.

Ugadi - Tirumala Temple

Tirumala temple

Koluvu or Asthanam

Koluvu or Asthanam is nothing but the Royal Assembly of Sri Venkateswara. While Daily Koluvu is performed as a ritual in the presence of a limited gathering of officers and priests.

  • Ugadi Asthanam as the first Annual Event is celebrated in the presence of many officials, Vedic Scholars, Archakas and Devotees.
  • The day on which Srivari Asthanam celebrated is the 'Padyami' or 'Pratipat Thithi' of the bright fortnight of the Chaitra Month or the First day of every New Lunar Year.
  • Location/ Venue: 'Tirumahamani Mandapa' which is also called 'Ganta Mandapa' in a place just opposite to Garuda’s Idol.

The following are various features of Swami Vari Asthanam

Pre-ritual activity

  • In the early hours of the Ugadi Day even before the dawn, the services of Suprabhata Seva and Tomala Seva are performed to the Main Deity in the Sanctum Sanctorum.
  • After that, the Koluvu of Koluvu Srinivasa Murti is not performed. Instead in a lonely environment, Tirumanjanam or the Abhisheka Snana ceremony is performed to Malayappa Swami, Sri Devi, Bhudevi and Vishvaksena.
  • While the daily Koluvu is a ritual offered to Sri Koluvu Srinivasa Murti, Asthanam process is offered to Sri Malayappa Swami. Hence this Snana (sacred bath) ceremony is performed as a pre-ritual activity.
Ugadi Asthanam

Elegant Decoration in the Tirumala temple on the Occasion of Ugadi.

Arrival of Malayappa Swami along with Sridevi and Bhudevi 

Sri Malayappa Swami along with Sri Devi and Bhu Devi is brought to the Tirumahamani Mandapa in the Golden Sarva Bhupala Vahana while the path was lead by Vishvaksena followed by the divine Vedic chants, the auspicious sounds of various pious musical instruments and the chants of the Archakas.

The three idols of God and two Goddess are properly mounted on their respective royal thrones facing Garuda with rich ornaments beautiful flowery garlands and silk garments.

On the right side to Sri Malayappa Swami the idol of Sri Vishvaksena is seated on an elevated seat decorating with a guarding crown and a sword as he is the commander-in-chief of Srivaru.

Chief Commander of Lord - Vishvaksena

Chief Commander of Lord - Vishvaksena

Prasada offerings to the Deities

As the first event of the ritual different Padi prasadams and Anna prasadams are brought to offer to the Main idol or Mula Virat and to Malayappa Swami, Sri Devi and Bhudevi. There the humble presence of the Priests, Jiyyangars, Ekangis, Acharya Purushas, Vedic Scholars, The Executive Officer, Peshkars, Paru Pattedars and other TTD officials elevates the decency of the event.

The White Umbrella and the Chauvries are held by some of the attendants.

The items likeLaddus,

  • Vadas,
  • Appams,
  • Dosas,
  • Padi Prasadams,
  • Pulihora,(Variety Rice)
  • Pongali,
  • Chakkera Pongali,
  • Dadhyodanam(curd rice)

and such are brought from the Potu and as per the ritualistic style they are offered to the Gods and Goddesses. The holy Bells are sounded grandly as a mark of offering Prasadams to Lord Srinivasa.

The final events

Navanita Harati is offered to Sri Venkateswara. The Cow Butter and Tambulam is received from Swami Varu by the Executive Officer and others. After that, the Mysore Harati, Tallapaka Harati and Tarigonda Harati are offered to Swamivaru.

Finally, the Prasada is offered to all and with this, the Swamivari Asthanam comes to an end. It is the belief of all that, this Swami Vari Asthanam is an event through which all the devotees in the entire human world will be graced by Srinivasa Swami to have a bright and promising future The Elegant Decoration in the through this incident.

* Source: Saptagiri Magazine